Black Pepper :
It is one of the popular spices also known as King of spices. India is largest producer of black pepper. Daily Pepper rate varies with in 350 to 400 in 2017 – 18.
However in India black pepper mainly grown in Karnataka, Kerala, TamilNadu, Konkan, Pondicherry also in Andaman and Nicobar Island. India is largest exporter of Black Pepper in the world.
Daily Pepper Rate :
OutSide Market Rate Price.
|14-05-2018||335 per kg|
Karnataka Planters’ Association Rate :
|17-05-2018||345 per kg|
Varietes of Black Pepper:
There are mainly 14 varietes of Black Pepper.
Panniyur 1,2,3,4,5 Kirimunta, Chirikara, Kottanatan, IISR Sakthi, Devam, IISR kirimunta, Malabar Excel, Supakara, Panchami, Pournami, Ottappilakkal 1, Kalluvalli, Palankotta and Utiran Kota.
Panniyur 1 variety is a hybrid variety. It gives extra yield, rather than the other varieties. It spread well in the trees. Panniyur 5shadow tolerant variety. It is generally suitable to grow in arecanut gardens.
Helth Benifits of Black Pepper:
- Black Pepper relives cough and cold condition.
- Pepper helps in skin treatment.
- Black Pepper helps to improve digestion.
- Moreover Black Pepper also helps in weight loss.
- Black Pepper prevent gastro diseases.
Black Pepper cultivation states in india are Karnataka, Kerala, TamilNadu, Konkan, Pondicherry also in Andaman and Nicobar Island.
Season, Soil and climate of Black Pepper Cultivation:
June to December is the high quality pepper crop is cultivated in rainfed.
However Pepper crop mainly grown on mountainous areas like Kanyakumari, Nilgiris, Keelbhavaniin Tamil Nadu. Grows well in well in drained soil. In clay, sandy lands, the crop does not grow well. Pepper crop needed rain and high temperatures. Up to a height of 1500 meters above sea level mountains, where the crop grows well.
Local names in India for Black Pepper:
Kari Menasu (Kannada), Miriyalu (Telugu), Kali Mirchi (Hindi), Karuppu Milagu (Tamil), Mari (Gujarati), Kali Mirch (Punjabi) and Kala Maricha (Oriya).